Genome Sequence of the Pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum

2010-2-23 · Clark A. G, Eisen M. B, Smith D. R, Bergman C. M, Oliver B, et al. (2007) Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny. Nature 450: 203–218. View Article Google Scholar 62. Lemaitre B, Hoffmann J (2007) The …Comparative genome analysis and identification of ...2013-1-10 · Howard , Ekborg NA, Taylor LE, Weiner RM, Hutcheson SW . (2003). Genomic analysis and initial characterization of the chitinolytic system of …

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Enabling Biological Nitrogen Fixation for Cereal Crops in ...

2021-12-1 · Agricultural productivity relies on synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, yet half of that reactive nitrogen is lost to the environment. There is an urgent need for alternative nitrogen solutions to reduce the water pollution, ozone depletion, atmospheric particulate formation, and global greenhouse gas emissions associated with synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use. One such solution …Identification and characterization of proteins of unknown ...2021-5-10 · Mass spectrometry-based proteomics can identify and quantify thousands of proteins from individual microbial species, but a significant percentage of these proteins are unannotated and hence classified as proteins of unknown function (PUFs). Due to the difficulty in extracting meaningful metabolic information, PUFs are often overlooked or discarded during data …

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Genetics of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma | Blood ...

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common lymphoid malignancy in adulthood, is a heterogeneous disease that can arise de novo or from the histologic transformation of more indolent lymphomas, most commonly, follicular lymphoma (FL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). 1 Although durable remissions can be achieved in >50% of cases, even at advanced …Improving the coverage of the cyanobacterial phylum …2013-1-15 · The cyanobacterial phylum encompasses oxygenic photosynthetic prokaryotes of a great breadth of morphologies and ecologies; they play key roles in global carbon and nitrogen cycles. The chloroplasts of all photosynthetic eukaryotes can trace their ancestry to cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria also attract considerable interest as platforms for "green" …

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Can Modern Evolutionary Theory Explain Macroevolution ...

2015-2-14 · Abstract. Ever since the Evolutionary Synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, some biologists have expressed doubt that the Synthetic Theory, based principally on mutation, genetic variation, and natural selection, adequately …Genome plasticity in Paramecium bursaria revealed by ...2020-11-30 · Ciliates are an ancient and diverse eukaryotic group found in various environments. A unique feature of ciliates is their nuclear dimorphism, by which two types of nuclei, the diploid germline micronucleus (MIC) and polyploidy somatic macronucleus (MAC), are present in the same cytoplasm and serve different functions. During each sexual cycle, ciliates develop a …

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Can Modern Evolutionary Theory Explain Macroevolution ...

2015-2-14 · Abstract. Ever since the Evolutionary Synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, some biologists have expressed doubt that the Synthetic Theory, based principally on mutation, genetic variation, and natural selection, adequately …Return of the Lemnaceae: duckweed as a model plant …For 27 Le. minor clones, genome size varied from 356 to 604 (Wang et al., 2011), while two verified diploid genomes from this species displayed size estimates of 409 and 481 Mbp by K-mer analysis for clones 5500 and 8623, respectively (Van Hoeck et al., 2015; Hoang et al., 2019).

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Regulation and evolution of muscle development in ...

2019-6-24 · For more than a century, studies on tunicate muscle formation have revealed many principles of cell fate specification, gene regulation, morphogenesis, and evolution. Here, we review the key studies that have probed the development of all the various muscle cell types in a wide variety of tunicate species. We seize this occasion to explore the implications and …Development and evolution of cerebellar neural circuits ...2012-4-24 · M-L compartmentalization may have arisen during evolution as the cerebellar neural circuits became more complex. The present data, however, do not exclude the possibility that the M-L compartmentalization of the cerebellum is present in teleosts and may be detected by different genes from mammals.

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Landscape and evolution of tissue-specific alternative ...

2017-11-30 · Drosophila melanogaster has one of best-described transcriptomes of any multicellular organism. Nevertheless, the paucity of 3′-sequencing data in this species precludes comprehensive assessment of alternative polyadenylation (APA), which is subject to broad tissue-specific control. Here, we generate deep 3′-sequencing data from 23 developmental stages, …Search and Free download a billion Ebook PDF files2  · Binance Smart Chain Optimization For Machine Learningoptimization For Machine Learning Urban Design The American Experience Urban Design The American Experience Pdf Art And Archaeology Jane Portal Jane Portal 9781442625518 Kumon Level I Math Answer Book Pdf Hide And Seek With Angels: A Life Of J. M. Barrie A/l Baddegama Vichara …

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Diversity and evolution of multiple orc/cdc6-adjacent ...

2012-9-14 · While multiple replication origins have been observed in archaea, considerably less is known about their evolutionary processes. Here, we performed a comparative analysis of the predicted (proved in part) orc/cdc6-associated replication origins in 15 completely sequenced haloarchaeal genomes to investigate the diversity and evolution of replication origins in …Expansion and Accelerated Evolution of 9-Exon Odorant .. tween Polistes species, 9-exon ORs exhibit dynamic evolution and relaxed negative selection relative to ORs in other subfamilies, which are highly conserved. Patterns of molecular evolution of the 9-exon OR subfamily in social wasps are consistent with a unique function in combinatorial coding perception of CHCs.

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Landscape and evolution of tissue-specific alternative ...

2017-11-30 · Drosophila melanogaster has one of best-described transcriptomes of any multicellular organism. Nevertheless, the paucity of 3′-sequencing data in this species precludes comprehensive assessment of alternative polyadenylation (APA), which is subject to broad tissue-specific control. Here, we generate deep 3′-sequencing data from 23 developmental stages, …Structuring evolution: biochemical networks and metabolic ...2016-8-25 · Recurrence and predictability of evolution are thought to reflect the correspondence between genomic and phenotypic dimensions of organisms, and the connectivity in deterministic networks within these dimensions. Direct examination of the correspondence between opportunities for diversification imbedded in such networks and realized diversity is …

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Can Modern Evolutionary Theory Explain Macroevolution ...

2015-2-14 · Abstract. Ever since the Evolutionary Synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, some biologists have expressed doubt that the Synthetic Theory, based principally on mutation, genetic variation, and natural selection, adequately …Improving the coverage of the cyanobacterial phylum …2013-1-15 · The cyanobacterial phylum encompasses oxygenic photosynthetic prokaryotes of a great breadth of morphologies and ecologies; they play key roles in global carbon and nitrogen cycles. The chloroplasts of all photosynthetic eukaryotes can trace their ancestry to cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria also attract considerable interest as platforms for "green" …

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Unexpected organellar locations of ESCRT machinery in ...

2021-8-27 · Comparing a parasitic lineage to its free-living relatives is a powerful way to understand how that evolutionary transition to parasitism occurred. Giardia intestinalis (Fornicata) is a leading cause of gastrointestinal disease world-wide and is famous for its unusual complement of cellular compartments, such as having peripheral vacuoles instead of typical …Molecular evolution of breast cancer - Simpson - 2005 ...2005-1-10 · Introduction. Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease encompassing a wide variety of pathological entities and a range of clinical behaviour. These are underpinned at the molecular level by a complex array of genetic alterations that affect cellular processes 1-3 seeking to characterize these aberrations, the study of cancer genetics has had a major impact in our …

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Expansion and Accelerated Evolution of 9-Exon Odorant ...

Between Polistes species, 9-exon ORs exhibit dynamic evolution and relaxed negative selection relative to ORs in other subfamilies, which are highly conserved. Patterns of molecular evolution of the 9-exon OR subfamily in social wasps are consistent with a unique function in combinatorial coding perception of CHCs.Haloferax volcanii—a model archaeon for studying DNA ...One of the model archaeal species is Haloferax volcanii, which is a member of the phylum Euryarchaeota. It is a halophile with disc-shaped cells and grows optimally at 45°C in 1.7–2.5 M NaCl, similar to the conditions found in the Dead Sea where it was first isolated in 1975 [ 8 ].

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Landscape and evolution of tissue-specific alternative ...

2017-11-30 · Drosophila melanogaster has one of best-described transcriptomes of any multicellular organism. Nevertheless, the paucity of 3′-sequencing data in this species precludes comprehensive assessment of alternative polyadenylation (APA), which is subject to broad tissue-specific control. Here, we generate deep 3′-sequencing data from 23 developmental stages, …Enabling Biological Nitrogen Fixation for Cereal Crops in ...2021-12-1 · Agricultural productivity relies on synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, yet half of that reactive nitrogen is lost to the environment. There is an urgent need for alternative nitrogen solutions to reduce the water pollution, ozone depletion, atmospheric particulate formation, and global greenhouse gas emissions associated with synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use. One such solution …

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Comparative genomic analysis of Methanimicrococcus ...

2021-9-9 · The draft genome (12 contigs) is 1.78 long with a GC content of 42% and is predicted to encode 1569 proteins (Table S1). It is practically identical to the one sequenced by JGI (2756170388) in ...Return of the Lemnaceae: duckweed as a model plant …For 27 Le. minor clones, genome size varied from 356 to 604 (Wang et al., 2011), while two verified diploid genomes from this species displayed size estimates of 409 and 481 Mbp by K-mer analysis for clones 5500 and 8623, respectively (Van Hoeck et al., 2015; Hoang et al., 2019).

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Structuring evolution: biochemical networks and metabolic ...

2016-8-25 · Recurrence and predictability of evolution are thought to reflect the correspondence between genomic and phenotypic dimensions of organisms, and the connectivity in deterministic networks within these dimensions. Direct examination of the correspondence between opportunities for diversification imbedded in such networks and realized diversity is …Research advances and new challenges in overcoming …2021-1-20 · 1. Perou CM, Sørlie T, Eisen , et al. Molecular portraits of human breast tumours. Nature 2000;406:747-52. DOI PubMed; 2. Wang C, Kar S, Lai X, et al. Triple negative breast cancer in Asia: An insider''s view. Cancer Treat Rev 2018;62:29-38. DOI PubMed; 3. Thakur KK, Bordoloi D, Kunnumakkara AB. Alarming burden of triple-negative breast ...

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Genome plasticity in Paramecium bursaria revealed by ...

2020-11-30 · Ciliates are an ancient and diverse eukaryotic group found in various environments. A unique feature of ciliates is their nuclear dimorphism, by which two types of nuclei, the diploid germline micronucleus (MIC) and polyploidy somatic macronucleus (MAC), are present in the same cytoplasm and serve different functions. During each sexual cycle, ciliates develop a …Charting the Complexity of the Marine Microbiome …2019-12-12 · Randomized, scaled-up single-cell genomics of marine microorganisms reveals a high degree of uniqueness between individual cells, implying limited clonality within populations, and establishes that a large fraction of global genetic diversity can be recovered from a single sample, suggesting effective global dispersal of prokaryoplankton.

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Reductive evolution in Streptococcus agalactiaeand the ...

2013-4-15 · Reductive evolution is an ongoing process in the ST260-261 lineage. To get more insights into the evolution of the ST260-261 lineage, we further analyzed the nucleotide changes leading to gene disruption and genome size reduction compared to human strains.Haloferax volcanii—a model archaeon for studying DNA ...One of the model archaeal species is Haloferax volcanii, which is a member of the phylum Euryarchaeota. It is a halophile with disc-shaped cells and grows optimally at 45°C in 1.7–2.5 M NaCl, similar to the conditions found in the Dead Sea where it was first isolated in 1975 [ 8 ].

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The role of the humoral immune response in the molecular ...

2008-9-8 · This study was designed to investigate, for the first time, the short-term molecular evolution of the HIV-2 C2, V3 and C3 envelope regions and its association with the immune response. Clonal sequences of the env C2V3C3 region were obtained from a cohort of eighteen HIV-2 chronically infected patients followed prospectively during 2–4 years.Structuring evolution: biochemical networks and metabolic ...2016-8-25 · Recurrence and predictability of evolution are thought to reflect the correspondence between genomic and phenotypic dimensions of organisms, and the connectivity in deterministic networks within these dimensions. Direct examination of the correspondence between opportunities for diversification imbedded in such networks and realized diversity is …

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The Eukaryotic Tree of Life from a Global Phylogenomic ...

Eukaryote evolution started off more than a billion years ago and reconstructing the twists and turns that led to the diversity we observe today is a tremendously difficult task, but a task that is both fascinating and on its way to be deciphered. ... Soares , Bonaldo MF, Wisecaver JH, Hackett JD, Anderson DM, ... Eisen JA. 1998.Genomics of bacteria and archaea: the emerging dynamic ... · Archaea are less diverse in genome size, from ∼0.5 in the parasite Nanoarchaeum equitans ( 14) to ∼5.5 in Methanosarcina barkeri ( 15) and show a sharp peak at ∼2 that almost precisely coincides with the position of the highest bacterial peak, and a heavy tail corresponding to larger genomes ( Figure 2). As the representation of ...

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Host tropism determination by convergent evolution of ...

2021-7-29 · Author summary The evolution of pathogens in response to a host environment often leads to a specificity of these pathogens to survive in particular hosts, known as host tropism. However, the mechanisms of host tropism remain unclear. The Lyme disease (LD) bacterium is an ideal model to study such mechanisms because the causative agent of this disease …Diversity and evolution of multiple orc/cdc6-adjacent ...2012-9-14 · While multiple replication origins have been observed in archaea, considerably less is known about their evolutionary processes. Here, we performed a comparative analysis of the predicted (proved in part) orc/cdc6-associated replication origins in 15 completely sequenced haloarchaeal genomes to investigate the diversity and evolution of replication origins in …

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Development and evolution of cerebellar neural circuits ...

2012-4-24 · M-L compartmentalization may have arisen during evolution as the cerebellar neural circuits became more complex. The present data, however, do not exclude the possibility that the M-L compartmentalization of the cerebellum is present in teleosts and may be detected by different genes from mammals.Identification and characterization of proteins of unknown ...2021-5-10 · Mass spectrometry-based proteomics can identify and quantify thousands of proteins from individual microbial species, but a significant percentage of these proteins are unannotated and hence classified as proteins of unknown function (PUFs). Due to the difficulty in extracting meaningful metabolic information, PUFs are often overlooked or discarded during data …

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Intragenomic Variation and Evolution of the Internal ...

2007-6-12 · Variation in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of the rRNA (rrn) operon is increasingly used to infer population-level diversity in bacterial communities. However, intragenomic ITS variation may skew diversity estimates that do not correct for multiple rrn operons within a genome. This study characterizes variation in ITS length, tRNA composition, …A connectome and analysis of the adult Drosophila central ...2020-9-3 · Animal brains of all sizes, from the smallest to the largest, work in broadly similar ways. Studying the brain of any one animal in depth can thus reveal the general principles behind the workings of all brains. The fruit fly Drosophila is a popular choice for such research. With about 100,000 neurons – compared to some 86 billion in humans – the fly brain is small …

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Systematic analysis and evolution of 5S ribosomal DNA in ...

2013-7-10 · Drosophila 12 Genomes Consortium, Clark AG, Eisen , Smith DR, Bergman CM, Oliver B, Markow TA et al. (2007). (2007). Evolution of …The Eukaryotic Tree of Life from a Global Phylogenomic .. karyote evolution started off more than a billion years ago and reconstructing the twists and turns that led to the diversity we observe today is a tremendously difficult task, but a task that is both fascinating and on its way to be deciphered. ... Soares , Bonaldo MF, Wisecaver JH, Hackett JD, Anderson DM, ... Eisen JA. 1998.

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Charting the Complexity of the Marine Microbiome …

2019-12-12 · Randomized, scaled-up single-cell genomics of marine microorganisms reveals a high degree of uniqueness between individual cells, implying limited clonality within populations, and establishes that a large fraction of global genetic diversity can be recovered from a single sample, suggesting effective global dispersal of prokaryoplankton oosing the right cell line for breast cancer research ...2011-8-12 · Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease. Gene expression profiling has contributed significantly to our understanding of this heterogeneity at a molecular level, refining taxonomy based on simple measures such as histological type, tumour grade, lymph node status and the presence of predictive markers like oestrogen receptor and human …

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